Former president returns to Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka’s former president Gotabaya Rajapaksa, who fled abroad after mass protests in July, has returned to the country.

Rajapaksa had been staying in Thailand on a temporary visa and flew back home via Singapore.

Some Sri Lankan ministers are reported to have met him at the airport.

Sri Lankans blame his government for the island’s worst economic crisis in history. A collapse in foreign currency led to dire shortages of food and fuel.

Protests began in April, following a sharp increase in food and fuel costs.

Hundreds of thousands of people from all walks of life and all communities took part in the largely peaceful protests demanding the resignation of Rajapaksa and his elder brother Mahinda, the then prime minister who quit in May.

In July thousands of people stormed his official residence, and the disgraced president then fled on a military plane first to the Maldives and then to Singapore, from where he sent in his resignation. That paved the way for veteran politician Ranil Wickremesinghe to become president.

Rajapaksa’s return is a sensitive issue for the new government which does not want more protests and will need to ensure his security.

Sri Lankan Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe (GP)

“We are not opposed to the return of Rajapaksa. Any Sri Lankan citizen can return to the country,” Father Jeewantha Peiris, a prominent protest leader, told the BBC.

“People came to the streets because of the alleged corruption against his government. We don’t have any personal enmity against him.”

Other protesters say they will oppose any attempt by Rajapaksa to rejoin politics or the government.

“After he returns, we need to take legal action against him for the mistakes he committed as president and also file cases against his brother Mahinda Rajapaksa,” another activist Rajeev Kanth told the BBC.

Sri Lankan media reports say the government has identified a house in central Colombo for Gotabaya Rajapaksa but it’s not clear whether he will go straight there or to a secure military facility first.

A defence ministry spokesman told the BBC that Rajapaksa “would be given security as a former president”.

After Wickremesinghe took over the presidency, rights groups accuse the government of carrying out a crackdown on protesters. Dozens have been detained by police in recent weeks, with most since released on bail.

Three student union leaders, who led the protests, have been in detention under the draconian Prevention of Terrorism Act.

Protesters accuse President Wickremesinghe of lacking legitimacy and public support and also of protecting the Rajapaksa family. The government says it’s taking action only against those who are suspected of breaking the law. (BBC)

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